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HANDGUNS SCHEMATICS

1899 FN 1900 32 ACP

  • Patent Number: 621,747
  • Patented: March 21, 1899
  • Application filed: December 28, 1897
  • Serial No: 663,845

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, JOHN M. BROWNING, residing at Ogden, in the county of Weber and State of Utah, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Firearms, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof. This invention relates generally to automatic breech loading firearms, and more especially to firearms of this description in which the several operations—such as the opening of the breech after firing a shot, the ejection of the empty cartridge shell, the cocking of is the hammer, the presentation and introduction of a fresh cartridge into the chamber of the barrel, and the closing of the breech—are automatically effected by the pressure in the barrel of the gases generated by the explosion of the cartridge.

My invention comprises, further, improvements in firearms of the class described in United States Patent No. 580,926, applied for by me and granted April 20, 1897, said patent containing some of the features of the complete firearm which I have illustrated and described herein for the purpose of enabling my present invention to be understood. Such features as are common to the two constructions will be referred to herein so far as may be necessary to ‘enable the present invention to be understood; but the description which follows will relate particularly to the novel features of this case. The main object which I have had in view has been the production of a firearm of the class referred to which should be simple and inexpensive in construction, not liable to get out of order, and reliable and safe in operation under all conditions of use. I have hereinafter shown and described my present improvements as adapted to a gas operated magazine pistol; but I have chosen this particular kind of firearm merely as a convenient illustration of an embodiment of my invention and do not intend to restrict my invention to an application thereof to a magazine pistol nor to any particular kind of firearm, nor do I intend to restrict the invention to the use of the several features of improvement together in a common structure.

In the accompanying drawings, in which I have illustrated an embodiment of my invention, Figure 1 is a left hand side elevation of the pistol with the breech closed. Figs. 2 and 3 are respectively rear and front end views of the same. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section, on a vertical plane, with the breech closed. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section, on a vertical plane, with the breech open. Figs. 6, 7, 8, and 9 are detail views of parts to be referred to. Fig. l is a horizontal section on the plane indicated by the line a b of Fig. 1. Fig. 1b is a horizontal section on the plane indicated by the line c d of Fig. 1. The pistol represented in the accompanying drawings comprises a frame a, a barrel b, fixed in the frame, and a sliding breech piece c. The upper portion of the frame a forms the receiver and has a seat and suitable guides for the reciprocating breech piece, and below the receiver is the grip or handle a’, which is preferably made integral with the frame, but obviously may be formed separately and attached thereto in any suitable manner. Within the grip and extending through the same upward into the receiver is arranged a seat or chamber for the reception of the cartridge magazine d. The latter is substantially of ordinary form and construction and may consist of a sheet metal tube, in which the cartridges are laid one upon another, resting upon a spring follower, by which they are pushed upward into the receiver: It is conveniently retained in place within the grip by a spring actuated latch d’. Its upper end is open to permit the escape of the cartridges, the side walls at the rear of the opening being turned in to engage the rim or flange of the topmost cartridge and prevent the escape of  the same from the holder except when it is pushed forward, as hereinafter described. The barrel b is secured to the receiver in any usual or suitable manner and extends forwardly from the same to the desired length. The upper portion of the frame is provided interiorly with longitudinal ribs and grooves as a4, Fig. 2, to engage corresponding ribs and grooves each of the breech piece c or of that portion of it which may be more properly coo designated as the ” breech  bolt,” the said breech bolt or breech piece being thereby held to the frame and guided thereon in its reciprocation.

 

1918 Woodsman

  • Patent Number: 1,276,716
  • Patented: Aug. 27, 1918
  • Application filed: March 30, 1917
  • Serial No: 158,569

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, John M. BROWNING, a citizen of the United States, residing at Ogden, in the county of Weber and State of Utah, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Firearms, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof. This invention relates to improvements in magazine firearms, and more especially to automatic firearms and particularly to automatic pistols in which energy is stored during the opening movement of the breech-slide in a spring, the reaction of which is utilized to actuate the return or closing movement of the breech-slide.

The main object of the invention is to produce a firearm of this class which shall be simple and inexpensive in construction, reliable, and safe under all conditions of use. Another object of the invention is to produce an automatic pistol specially adapted for accurate target practice, by haying the handle or grip of the pistol formed to be securely grasped and conveniently held in aiming and firing, and in which the frame of the arm shall support the comparatively long barrel rigidly, and in which the breech-slide may be at will and readily detached and removed from the frame, and be replaced and attached upon the same without requiring the use of any tool therefor. A further object of the invention is to provide the firearm with an automatic safety device for positively preventing the firing of the arm unless the breech is closed and all parts are in the proper firing position, and by the same device to always prevent 1 more than one shot from following upon each pull of the trigger.

A further object is to provide the arm with a manual safety lock for at will and simultaneously locking the breech-slide and the cocked firing mechanism, and by this same device to provide the arm with a reliable indicator for showing at a. glance or touch whether the firing mechanism is in the cocked or in the released position. 1 These objects are attained by mechanism of simple and practical construction which is efficient, perfectly safe in use, and not liable to get out of order. The invention is shown herein as embodied in a gas-operated magazine pistol; but it will be understood that the invention is applicable to other firearms. In the accompanying drawings, wherein is illustrated an embodiment of the invention, Figure 1 is a left-hand side view of a central vertical section through the frame and the rear portion of the barrel with the breech closed and ready for firing; but showing the breech-slide in a vertical section in a plane somewhat to the left side of its central axis, thereby exposing to view the reaction spring and its guide for storing the energy of the recoil on firing a shot, and showing the manner in which the two ends of the reaction spring are supported, the front end in the breech-bolt and the rear end by the butt piece of the grip or mainspring housing. Fig. 2 is a left-hand side view of the upper portion of the frame of the pistol and of the breech-slide in the closed position. Fig. 3 is a central longitudinal section of the breech-slide, showing the firing pin with its retracting spring and locking pin in the breech-bolt.

Fig. 4 is a bottom view of the breech-slide. Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section of the breech-bolt near its forward end looking forward, showing also an upper portion of the cartridge magazine. Fig. 6 is a vertical transverse section of the breech-slide in rear of the breech-bolt, indicating the respective positions of the firing pin and of the reaction spring and its guide rod, the spring and rod being shown in Figs. 4 and 6 as held in their forward compressed position by a transverse pin. Fig. 7 is a horizontal section through the forward portion of the frame below the barrel, showing a top view of the trigger and showing the trigger spring, its piston and its fastening plug. Fig. 8 is a partial vertical section of the frame showing the trigger in its place and above it the trigger spring, its piston and fastening plug. i Fig. 9 is a vertical transverse section of a portion of the frame, showing the hub and the pivot of the trigger, and the side plate, seen from the front. Fig. 10 shows the trigger pivot detached, in an end…view and in a top view. Fig. 11 Shows the trigger bar in a left hand side view and in an under side view.

 

1911 Auto 45

  • Patent Number: 984,519
  • Patented: Feb. 14, 1911
  • Application filed: February 17, 1910
  • Serial No: 544,400

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, John M. BROWNING, citizen of the United States, residing in Ogden in the county of Weber and State of Utah have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Firearms, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof. The invention relates to automatic firearms of that description in which the several operations, as the opening of the breech after firing a shot, the ejection of the empty cartridge shell, the cocking of the hammer, is the presentation. and introduction of a loaded cartridge to the chamber of the barrel, and the closing and locking of the breech—are automatically effected through or by the energy of the recoil of the breech bolt or that part : which at the, time of firing the shot closes the breech of the barrel and the invention more especially relates to firearms of this description: winch, in firing, the barrel and the breech bolt are interlocked and recoil some distance together, and during this rearward movement the barrel has another movement imparted to it, Whereby it is unlocked from the breech bolt, and after its release the movements of the barrel are arrested, while the breech bolt continues to recoil until the breech is fully opened, and in which during the opening movement of the breech bolt energy is stored in a spring, the reaction of which is utilized to effect the return or closing movement of the breech bolt.

It is essential for the proper operation of firearms of this class that the breech bolt and the parts connected and moving with it should be made as heavy as practicable, so that it may store a maximum amount of energy in the short time during which on firing the rearward pressure of the powder gases in the barrel acts upon the breech bolt and initiates its recoil, mind so that the breech bolt nifty continue to recoil under its momentum alone to complete the opening of the breech and the compression of the reaction spring after the gas pressure has ceased because relieved by the exit of the bullet from the barrel. On account of the limited total weight practical for a small arm, and especially for a pistol, it is necessary in order to be able to give a maximum weight to the breech bolt, that the other parts of the, arm, the frame and the barrel, be constructed as light as possible.

This is especially important regarding the barrel of this class of arms, for the additional reason that at the commencing of the recoil the light barrel may readily yield to and move rear ward with the breech bolt while it remains interlocked therewith, and in order that when unlocked from the breech bolt, the movements of the barrel may be arrested, without causing by this sudden stopping in. jury to either the barrel or the frame of the arm. The main object of the present invention is to produce a firearm of this class which, in order to be specially adapted for the tary service, I be not only practical, efficient and perfectly safe in use, but strong and capable of withstanding the exposure and rough usage of service in the field and adapted to fire cartridges having bullets of large caliber and weight and powerful charges of powder; it shall also be very Simple in construction so as to be reliable under all conditions of service and not liable to get Out of order, inexpensive of manufacture, with a minimum number of parts; and readily dismounted and cleaned without requiring the use of any tools.

Another object of the invention is to produce a firearm of this .class in which to in sure the absolute safety of the user. the breech slide, comprising the breech bolt and the forward extension of the same covering the barrel, and the movable abutment enclosing the reaction spring shall be combined in one strong integral whole without a division or joint therein and shall be mounted upon the top of the frame from the front, to be so held and guided in its reciprocation thereon that it can be removed from the frame as one whole only and in the forward direction alone, by which the possibility of any part of the arm being thrown rearward shall be positively guarded against. Another object of the invention is to produce a firearm of this class in which the barrel shall first be seated ‘in the forward part of the breech slide, shall then be mounted with the breech slide upon the frame from ..the front, and finally the barrel shall be securely connected with and movably attached to the frame in ‘such a manner that the barrel may be at will and readily detached and disconnected from the frame, so that it can be removed from the frame with the breech slide in the forward direction only.

 

 

25 Cal Vest Pocket Pistol

  • Patent Number: 947,478
  • Patented: Jan. 25, 1910
  • Application filed: June 21, 1909
  • Serial No: 503,481

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, JOHN M. BROWNING, a citizen of the United States, residing in Ogden, in the county of Weber and State of Utah, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety Devices for Firearms, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof. The invention relates to safety devices for breech loading firearms generally, and it is more especially applicable to automatic firearms in which the .several operations—such as the opening of the breech after firing a shot, the ejection of the empty cartridge shell, the cocking of the hammer, the presentation and introduction of a loaded cartridge into the chamber of the barrel, and the closing of the breech—are automatically effected by the pressure in the barrel of the powder gases generated by the explosion of the cartridge.

The main object of the invention is to provide for the firearms of this class, in which for safety in handling and carrying the members of the firing mechanism, with the exception of the trigger, are entirely enclosed and concealed in the arm, a safety device for at will and readily locking the breech mechanism in its closed forward position, and at the same time positively locking the concealed firing mechanism when cocked; or for at will and as readily unlocking these parts, and thereby adapting the arm for instant use. For safety and convenience, while examining and cleaning the arm and while charging it with cartridges, said safety device shall, further, be adapted for at will locking the breech mechanism in its open rearward position; or for as readily unlocking said mechanism and allowing the same to close. Another object of the invention is to produce a safety device which shall be simple and inexpensive in construction, strong, reliable and safe under all conditions of use. These objects are attained by mechanism of simple and practical construction, which is efficient, perfectly safe in use and not 1 liable to get out of order. The invention is shown herein as embodied in a gas operated magazine pistol, but it will be understood that the invention is applicable to other firearms.

Therefore it is not intended to restrict the present invention to. a. magazine pistol, nor to any particular kind of firearm. In the accompanying drawings, wherein is illustrated an embodiment of the invention, Figure 1 is a left hand side elevation of the pistol with the breech closed, and with the safety device turned to the operative locking position; the non-operative unlocked position of the same being indicated in dotted lines. Fig. 2 is an elevation similar to Fig. 1, but partly in section and with the breech open, and with the safety device turned to lock the breech slide in the open rear position. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the upper rear portion of the pistol, with the breech closed and the firing mechanism cocked and locked by the safety device. Fig. 4 is a section similar to Fig. 3, but with the safety device turned to unlock the breech slide and the firing mechanism. Fig. 5 shows detail views of the safety locking lever detached, respectively at 1 a side elevation, at 2 a top view, and at 3 a front view. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the upper rear portion of the frame’ of the pistol detached, with the breech slide and other mechanisms removed.

Fig. 7 is, a side view of the rear portion of the breech slide detached. Fig. 8 is a bottom view of the rear portion of the breech slide detached. Similar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views. In the pistol represented in the drawings a is the frame, 7, the barrel, and c the breech slide. The top of the frame a, upon the I forward portion of which the barrel b is mounted, forms the seat for the reciprocating breech slide c. In rear of the barrel b, the upper portion of the frame forms the receiver and below it is the grip or handle al, preferably made integral with the frame, and the hollow inside’ of which forms the seat for the reception of the cartridge magazine d, which is a tube holding a number of cartridges one upon the other resting upon a spring pressed follower, the magazine is inserted into the grip from below, so that its top communicates with the receiver and with the rear of the barrel, and at each opening.

 

Hi Power P35

  • Patent Number: 1,618,510
  • Patented: Feb. 22, 1927
  • Application filed: June 28, 1923
  • Serial No: 648,275

Patent Description

My invention relates to automatic firearms of that description in which all operations of the mechanism, except that of the trigger, are automatically effected by the energy of recoil of movable parts. A main object of the present invention is to provide an automatic pistol of this character which is strong, simple in construction, accurate, reliable and safe in operation, and easy and economical of manufacture. This object is attained by . simplifying the mechanism employed in firearms of this class by providing a novel improved construction and coordination of certain members of the. mechanism, thereby enabling these parts to perform several distinct functions and thus reducing the .number of component parts and by giving to all parts such form and organizing them in such manner that they may be readily assembled or disassembled without requiring the use of any tools or accessories.

Other and further objects and advantages of my new improvements will appear from the specifications and drawings in which I show and describe an automatic pistol incorporating my improvements in a preferred form. Also the utility and value of some of my improvements are. not limited to their use in an automatic pistol but they are equally valuable and useful in any automatic firearm of the recoil operated type. in the accompanying drawings: Fin. I is a front view of the forward portion of the frame, the breech slide and the barrel of a pistol embodying my new improvements. Fig. 2 is a left hand side elevation of said Fig. 3 is a central vertical longitudinal section through the forward portion of the arm, showing the barrel and breech slide in their forward locked position, and the trio. trey in its normal position. Certain of the parts are shown in elevation. Fig. 4 shows the trigger and the parts mounted thereon detached, in a front view and in a left hand side view; in the side view, the rear portion of the trigger is shown in a vertical longitudinal section. Fig. 5 is a central vertical longitudinal section of a portion of the frame, including the trigger, showing the trigger elevation and in position for bodily down ward movement to withdraw it from its seat in the frame, the barrel having been removed from the frame.

Fig. 6 is a central vertical longitudinal section through the upper portion of the arm, showing the barrel and breech slide in their rearward positions, and the trigger in its normal position. Certain of the parts are shown in elevation. Fig. 7 is R. bottom view of the breech slide with the breech bolt in place in the rear portion of said slide. Fig. 8 is a. top view of the frame, showing the cartridge magazine, having a cartridge remaining therein, in. its seat in the frame and Mao showing the slide stop in its relation to the magazine follower. :Fig. 0 is a central vertical longitudinal section through a portion of the arm, showing the movable parts in the position they occupy at the instant when a shell is being ejected; in this view the forward portion of the breech bolt is vertically sectioned in the plane of the ejector and the ejector with the part of the frame with which it is integrally formed are shown in elevation. Fig. 10 shows the ejector and the part of the frame with which it is integrally formed, detached, in a top view, in a left hand side view and in a front view. Fig. 11 is a left hand side view of the E magazine detached.

Fig. 12 is a central vertical longitudinal section through the upper rear portion of the arm, showing? the barrel, breech slide and breech bolt in their forward position and the firing pin in the unlocked position, certain of the parts being shown in elevation. Fig. 13 is a central vertical longitudinal section through the upper rear portion of the arm, showing the breech slide and breech bolt some distance rearward of their forward. position and the firing .pin and sear in the cocked .position. Certain of the parts are shown in elevation. Fig. 14 is a central vertical longitudinal section through the upper rear portion of the frame, as seen from the right, showing the breech bolt. in its forward position and showing also the connections between the trigger and the sear. Certain parts are shown in elevation.

 

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RIFLES SCHEMATICS

Breech-Loading Fire-Arm

  • Patent Number: 220.271
  • Patented: October 7, 1879
  • Application filed: May, 1879

Patent Description

To all whom, it may concern: Be it known that I, JOHN M. Browning, of Ogden City, Utah Territory, have invented an Improvement in Breech-Loading Fire-Arms, of which the following is a specification. My invention relates to breech loading firearms, and consist in certain details of construction, hereinafter fully described and particularly indicated in the claims, whereby the operating parts are greatly simplified and rendered more durable and certain in their opening. In the drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the breech and a part of the stock of my improved gun. .Fig. 2’represents a longitudinal vertical section of Fig. 1, some of the ‘parts being shown in side elevation. Fig. 3 is a side elevation, the case being partly broken away to show the interior mechanism. Fig. 4 is a top view, some of the parts being broken away to show the position of the cartridge in place and the retractor.

My invention relates particularly to that glass of breech loading firearms in which the breech is closed by a vertically sliding block operated by the guard-lever, and carrying the hammer with it in its motion up and down: The breech-block a slides vertically within the breech: piece to which it fits closely, and against which it bears both in front and rear, so that when it is raised it effectually and securely closes the breech of the gun. This breech-piece is moved by the guard-lever b, to which it is connected by the link c, within the slot in the interior of the block. The guard-lever b is pivoted to the breech-frame at d. Tightly in front of the breech block. The guard is also formed with lugs e-e, adapted to lit into the slotted breech-block and to receive between them the link c, to which they are connected by a pin at a point within the slot when the guard is brought into a position for firing.

The guard-lever is also’ so constructed that when it is brought into the position last specified it effectually closes the opening through which the block and the hammer move when the lever is depressed, as in opening the breech. The hammer f is pivoted to the block at g, within the slot of said block. The tail of the hammer extends through the slot and rests, when the block is raised, under the end of the spring h, which is secured to the barrel, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The breech-piece is slotted to the rear sufficiently to give space for the hammer when at full cock. The hammer is constructed with an offset at i, against which the dog k bears, when the breech-block is raised, to close the breech. This dog is pivoted at 1, and is provided with an arm, and spring, the latter bearing against the Shell in the breech-frame, so as to keep the arm on pressed down against the trigger o.

The pressure of the spring n keeps the end of the dog k against the rear edge of the hammer, whether the breech-block be raised, as shown in Fig. 2, or lowered, as shown in Fig. 3. When the guard b is depressed for the purpose of opening the breech of the gun, by means of the links tit draws down the breech-block, carrying with it the hammer f, the hammer being thrown forward in its passage, and the tail of it dropping from contact with the spring C. When the lever is elevated its return movement lifts the breech-block, and with it the hammer; but as the dog k comes in contact with the offset i the rear part of the hammer is arrested in its movement and held in place While the forward part continues to rise, being carried upward by the continued movement of the lever b, so that the hammer is thrown back by the completion of the movement and held at full cock, testing over the point and on the breech-piece, while in the latter part of the movement the tail of the hammer has come in contact with the spring 11, and lifted it sufficiently to bring the strain of the spring upon the tail of the hammer, so as to give a suitable blow upon the firing pin.

The breech-block is supported when the guard-lever is closed by means of the links and lugs e e, the pivot pin which connects the said link and lugs being carried into line with the other link pin and pivot of the guard-lever, or slightly past the dead point, so as to :securely lock the block in closed position. The firing pin is of the ordinary construction, and is represented at p. retractor is shown at q.

 

1894 Lever Action

  • Patent Number: 524,702
  • Patented: August 21, 1894
  • Application filed: January 19, 1894
  • Serial No: 497,418

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern:  Be it known that I, JOHN M. BROWNING, of Ogden, in the county of Weber and Territory  of Utah, have invented a new.  Improvement in Magazine Firearms; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection With accompanying drawings and the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in—Figure 1, a broken view partly in section and partly in inside elevation of a magazine fire-arm constructed in accordance with my invention, and shown in its closed position; Fig. 2, a plan view of the arm; Fig. 3, a. view ‘Corresponding to Fig. 1, but showing the gun its open position; Fig. 4, a view in transverse section on the line of Fig. 1, looking rearward; Fig. 5, a view in transverse section on the line x–a; of Fig. 1, looking forward ; Fig. 6, a detached reverse plan view of the sliding breech block; Fig. 7, a detached plan view of the carrier; Fig. 8, a view thereof  in transverse section on the line z—z of the preceding figure. My invention relates to an improvement in magazine firearms, the object being to produce a simple, compact, safe and reliable gun, in which the number of parts and the liability to derangement are reduced, which is constructed with particular reference to avoiding the choking of the gun by the incorrect presentation of a cartridge, or the failure of  a cartridge to be properly handled by the breech mechanism, and which is designed to adapt the gun to take a longer cartridge than has heretofore been available for use in a similar gun having a receiver of the same  .

With these ends in view, my invention con its in a magazine firearm having certain de, .tails of construction, as will be hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.   My improvements are applied to a gun having a barrel A, magazine B, receiver C, and stock D, all of approved construction, and not _needing special description or illustration. .In carrying out my invention, I employ an 5o, operating  plate E, hung at its forward or muzzle end on a horizontal .pin E’, and moving up and down in a vertical plane on the said pin as a center. The extreme forward end of this plate is constructed with a lug or nose e, which rises, when the rear end of the  plate is depressed, into the path taken by the cartridges 2, as they emerge from the magazine into the receiver, whereby the said lug or nose forms a magazine cutoff operating to prevent more than one cartridge from entering the receiver at a time. The said nose or lug rises into the path of the cartridges at the beginning of the opening movement of the gun,’ and is not retired or moved out of the said path until the min is again closed.

It  insures the easy operation of the gun, as it prevents the head of the incoming. cartridge from resting upon or impinging against the forward end of the carrier F, and thus causing the same to work with difficulty. It also prevents the choking of the gun where the cartridges differ slightly in high, in which case, but for the said nose or lug, a short cartridge on the carrier might allow the next cartridge in the magazine to secure a partial entrance in to the receiver, and by fouling the action of the carrier, choke the gun. By the use of this lug or nose, I secure an effective magazine cutoff without complicating the gun by special independently organized devices for that purpose. The forward end of the operating plate E is also constructed with two lifting faces e’ e’, corresponding to each other, and respectively located below and on opposite sides of the nose e forming the magazine cut  off. The extreme forward end of the carrier , rests upon the said lifting faces e’ e’ when the gun is closed, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, the said. cud of the carrier being slotted or cut away to clear the magazine cut off lug e. At the beginning of the opening movement of the gun, the said lifting faces e’ e’ lift the carrier slightly, and hence the head of the cartridge, whereby the said head is brought into range with a .projection g, formed upon the under face of the forward end of the sliding breech bloc ) G, whereby the breechblock is caused to positively engage With the cartridge, and draw the same back into the receiver upon the carrier F,  which is constructed as shown by Figs. 7 and 8 of the drawings, with a depression or pocket.

 

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SHOTGUNS SCHEMATICS

F22 Pump Action

  • Patent Number: 1,424,553
  • Patented: Aug. 1, 1922
  • Application filed: July 26, 1919
  • Serial No: 513,581

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern:  Be it known that I, John M. BROWNING, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of Ogden, county of Weber, and State of Utah, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Firearms, of which the following is a specification. My invention relates to an improvement in repeating firearms and an object thereof is the provision of a firearm provided with a combined sliding magazine and action slide which may be removed from the receiver of the firearm without removing the handle of the magazine. Another object of the invention is the provision of an unbroken guide way for the head of a cartridge, from the time the cartridge leaves the magazine until it is in place in the chamber of the firearm. A. further object of the invention is the provision of a combined slide and trigger. Rock whereby the trigger is moved into position to engage with the notch in the hammer and hold the hammer in cocked position, whether finger pressure on the trigger is exerted or not, said trigger being locked in such position from the time the hammer’ has reached the limit of its rearward movement until the action slide has been forced forward to the firing position, when the trigger is unlocked and the action slide locked in its full forward position.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a carrier pivoted at its front end, the front end of the carrier functioning as a, cartridge stop and the rear end, in the operation of transferring the cartridge from the magazine to the chamber of the firearm, bearing on the cartridge directly beneath the head of the same. A still further .object of the invention is the provision of a spring mounted on the trigger pivot one arm of which spring functions as a trigger spring and the other as a safety spring, and the provision of means for preventing lateral movement of the spring. A further object of the invention is the provision of an improved assembling screw for holding the rear end of the trigger plate in the receiver, which screw has been provided with means cooperating with a hammer slot in the trigger plate whereby in taking down the firearm the assembling screw may not be accidentally removed.

Further objects of the invention will be pointed out in connection with the following detailed description. In the accompanying drawings wherein have illustrated an embodiment of my invention, Fig. 1 shows in elevation a repeating firearm in which my invention is incorporated; Fig. 2 is a sectional elevational view through the firearm of Fig. 1 showing the positions assumed by the action of the firearm immediately upon the discharge of the same; Fig. 3 is a sectional elevational view, similar to Fig. 2, showing the action slide and hammer in their extreme rearward position, the trigger of the firearm locked, and a cartridge on its way to the chamber ; Fig. 4 is a sectional elevational view, similar to Fig. 2, showing the action slide advanced towards its forward position, the hammer ‘still being at the extreme of its rearward movement, the trigger locked and a cartridge raised to a position in the breech block whereby it will enter the chamber of the firearm as the action slide and magazine ate moved to their extreme forward position.

Fig. 5 shows in sectional elevation the positions assumed by the various parts of the firearm when the same is ready to be dis 8 charged, the action slide in this view being shown in locked position and the trigger unlocked; and the hammer at full cock; .Fig. 6 is a view taken on the line 66 of 5, Fig. 7 is a part sectional view showing the breechblock moved out of the ejecting opening in the receiver ; Figs. 8 and 9 are views in perspective of 9 a portion of the action slide and the breechblock respectively; and Fig. 10 is a section taken on the line 1040 of Fig. 5. Referring to the drawings in detail, 1 designates the barrel of a firearm, 2 a receiver carried thereby and 3 and 4 a sliding magazine and action slide respectively, fastened rigidly together and carried beneath the barrel 1 and held in place in the receiver 2. 5 designates a handle secured to. the magazine 3 whereby the latter, together with the action slide 4 may be reciprocated for the purposes hereinafter set forth.

 

A5

  • Patent Number: 859,1507
  • Patented: October 9, 1900
  • Application filed: February 8, 1900
  • Serial No: 4,557

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, JOHN M. BROWNING, of Ogden, in the county of Weber and State of Utah, have invented a new Improvement in Firearms; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in—Figure 1,a view in side elevation of the left hand side of an automatic firearm constructed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2, a similar view of the right hand side thereof, showing the ejection opening formed in its receiver or gun frame; Fig. 3, a broken view, in vertical longitudinal section, showing the gun in the closed positions of its parts; Fig. 4, a less comprehensive broken view of the gun in vertical section drawn to full size and with the parts in their closed positions and with the trigger plate and all of its connected parts removed for the sake of clearness; Fig. 5,a detail section showing the breech bolt in its closed position, but with the locking block thereof in the unlocked position into which it is moved by the rocking tumbler.

Fig. 5°, a detached perspective view of the locking, block; Fig. 5°, a corresponding view of the operating tumbler thereof; Fig. 6, a broken view of the gun in vertical section, showing its parts in their open positions; Fig. 7, a detail view showing the co-action of the hammer with the two hooks constituting the double sea: of the trigger; Fig. 8, a corresponding but more comprehensive view showing the hammer, the trigger with its two books, and a safety catch which is here represented in its blocked or inoperative position; Fig. 9, a broken view of the gun in vertical section, showing the parts of the gun in the positions due to them when the gun has been opened manually instead of automatically. In this view the trigger plate, with its connected parts has been removed for the sake of clearness; Fig. 10, a broken view, in vertical section, of the receiver on the line a b of Fig. 2.

Fig. 11, a view in vertical section on the line e d of Fig. 9, looking rearward and taken through the gun barrel at a point close to the extension thereof; Fig. 12, a detached plan view of the breech bolt, showing the locking, block and rocking tumbler mounted therein ; Fig: 13, a broken view, in horizontal section, on the line of Fig. 2 and designed to show the carrier, the combined cartridge stop and carrier catch, and the sliding inertia piece or carrier catch lock; Fig. 14, a similar but less comprehensive view showing the carrier catch in the position which it has after it has been operated by a cartridge for releasing the carrier and is acting as a cartridge stop; Fig. 15, a detached plan view of the operating link and operating rod of the gun; Fig, 16, a detached view in longitudinal section of the link; Fig. 17, a detached broken view, in side elevation, of the carrier; Fig. 18, a detached plan view of the carrier; Fig. 19, a view of the rear of the carrier; Fig. 20, a detached reverse plan view of the breech bolt; Fig. 21, a detached view, in side elevation, of the sliding carrier catch lock or inertia piece; Fig. 22, a detached perspective view of the barrel extension.

My invention relates to an improvement in automatic portable firearms of the class in which the recoil following the explosion of a cartridge in the gun barrel is utilized to operate the breech mechanism of the gnu, the object of .my present invention being to produce an improved arm of this class in which the recoiling parts are housed for their protection, as well as the protection of the user of the arm, and in which the parts are constructed with particular reference to simplicity, of construction, strength, durability, and reliability of operation. With these ends in view my invention consists in certain details of construction and combinations of parts, as will be hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims. In carrying out my invention as herein shown I provide a gun barrel A with a tube-like extension A’, into the forward end of which the barrel is screwed. This extension is located within and housed by the upper portion of the gun frame or receiver B, in which the extension reciprocates hack and forth, together with the barrel, the rear end of which centers the receiver during the recoil following the explosion of a cartridge in the barrel.

 

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MILITARY SCHEMATICS

50 MM Water Cooled Machine Gun

  •  Patent Number: 1,628,226
  • Patented: May 10, 1927
  • Application filed: July 31, 1923
  • Serial No: 854,955

Patent Description

The invention relates generally to automatic machine guns of that description in which all operations of the mechanism are automatically effected by the energy of the recoil of the movable parts. The invention relates particularly to novel’ improvements. in recoil operated machine guns, similar to that disclosed in the Letters Patent of the United States granted to John Browning, No. 1,293,021, dated February 4. 1910, in which the barrel and breech closing block. while interlocked recoil together a limited distance, are then unlocked and the movement of the barrel is arrested; the breech closing block alone continues its recoil during which energy is .stored in reaction springs or similar means by Which all parts are finally returned to their forward firing positions. The main object of the present invention is to produce a machine gun of this class specially adapted for modern military service.

Experience during the war, and experiments since: under actual field conditions, have led the United States War Department to adopt for use in certain branches of the service, such as the Anti-Air Craft. Service and for service in tanks, bullets or projectiles greatly increased in caliber, length and weight, and cartridge cases of increased size capable of holding correspondingly increased charges of most powerful explosives for driving said projectiles and for giving to them greatly increased ranges and power of penetration. The machine gun of the present invention is adapted to fire these modern service cartridges; and while it has necessarily increased dimensions in diameter and length of certain of its parts, such as the barrel and breech mechanism, and of the lengthwise reciprocating movement of its breech opening and closing mechanism, these increases and the necessary strengthening of the entire structure of the machine gun are attained without a nearly proportional increase of the weight of said, machine gun.

This object is attained by providing a composite brake or buffer in rear of the heaviest recoiling of the breech mechanism, said brake consisting of the combination of a spring actuated recoil cushion combined with a brake chamber for holding a liquid by which any excess of energy of recoil is entirely absorbed; and by which even an excess of recoil, such as may possibly be caused by variations in the rate of speed of the ignition of the powder charges by the primers of the cartridges, will be absorbed without disastrous effect on I the structure or the Mechanism of said machine gun. For furthering the attainment of this object there are also provided in rear of the breech closing block cushioning devices for absorbing any excess of energy of recoil of said breech block; as well as devices for strengthening the breech casing of the machine gun supporting said cushioning de vices. Other and further objects and advantages will appear from the following disclosure. By the foregoing and other novel constructions which will be hereinafter fully described and pointed out in the appended claims, an improved machine gun is produced, adapted for firing the modern powerful military, ammunition, reliable, accurate! and absolutely safe under all conditions.

In the accompanying drawing’s: Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the left hand side Of the gun, the forward portion of the barrel and of the tubular barrel casing being broken away. Fig. 2 is a top view of the gun, the greater portion of the barrel and of the barrel casing being broken away. Fig. 3 is a front end view of the barrel; of the tubular barrel casing and of the internal fixed disk closing said barrel casing and guiding the muzzle of the barrel. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section of the foremost portions of the barrel and the barrel casing, and of the internal fixed disk. Fig. 5 shows the pivoted switch lever, detached, respectively in a top view and in a left hand side view; it also shows similar views of the switch lever spring. Fig. 6 is a rear end view of the gun; Fig. 7 is a rear end view of the gun with the rear removed, showing the breech casing and the mechanism therein. Fig. 8 is a vertical transverse section through the breech casing on the line 88 of Fig. 12; seen from the rear. i Fig. 9 is .a vertical transverse section through the breech casing in the plane indicated by the line 99 of Fig. 12.

37 MM AirCraft Cannon

  •  Patent Number: 2,525,066
  • Patented: Feb. 3, 1925
  • Application filed: April 11, 1924
  • Serial No: 705,895

Patent Description

To all whom it may concern; Be it known that I, JOHN M. BROWNING, a citizen of the United States, residing in Ogden, in the county of Weber and State of Utah, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic. Firearms, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof. The invention relates to automatic firearms and more particularly to automatic firearms of the recoil operated type in which all the operations of the mechanism, except that of the trigger, are automatically effected. In my prior application for Letters Patent of the United States, Serial No. 680,963, filed December 15,.1923, for automatic firearms, there is shown and described an improved automatic of this character adapted to fire large caliber projectiles such as can be loaded with a high explosive charge, but so light in weight as to be mobile, adapted to be mounted on aircraft and fired from any position, and yet most durable. It is an object of the present invention to improve certain features of the automatic gun disclosed in said prior application and guns of similar character whereby said guns are rendered still more efficient and reliable in operation, simple in construction, and easier of manufacture.

The improved features by which this object is attained comprise novel means for pushing the cartridges into the chamber of the barrel and for supporting and guiding said cartridges before and during such movement, novel means for extracting the empty shell and for steadying and guiding it during extraction, novel means for locking together the transversely movable breech locking and the longitudinally movable lock frame, novel means for readily positioning, supporting and guiding a transversely movable feeder carrying a plurality of cartridges for quick insertion into the transverse feed channel of the gun, and various other details of construction, and combinations and constructions of parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed. In the accompanying drawings : Fig. 1 represents a right hand side elevation of a gun in which. the novel, improved features of the invention are embodied. Fig. 2 represents a central, vertical, longitudinal section through the gun as seen from the right and on an enlarged scale; the barrel and barrel extension and the upper portion of the breech block are shown in section, while the lock frame and parts carried thereby are shown in elevation.

The front portion of the breech casing, and the greater portions of the barrel and of the recuperation have been broken away. Fig. 3 represents a partial central vertical longitudinal section through the .(run as seen from the left, the breech block being shown in its open position and the lock frame in its rearward position. Fig: 4 represents a vertical transverse section through the gun in the line 44 of Fig. 3 as seen from the rear ; the mechanism within the breech casing is shown in elevation and a portion of the breech block actuating is broken away. Fig. 5 represents a partial central vertical longitudinal section through the gun showing the parts of the mechanism at the instant when the lock frame is released and with a cartridge in position to be pushed into the barrel chamber. Fig. 6 represents a vertical transverse section through the gun in the line 66 of Fig. 5 as seen from the front, the carrier has been omitted and the cartridge about to be inserted into the barrel is shown in elevation. Fig. 7 represents the gun in a partial horizontal section through the axis of the barrel as seen from above and on an enlarged scale; a portion of the lock frame is broken away to show the mounting of the extractor and the extractor spring. A portion of the breech block is also broken away. Fig. 8 represents a partial vertical longitudinal section through the gun as seen from the right and on the same scale as Fig. 7, showing. the breech block and its actuating lever in an intermediate position during the manual opening.

 

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CONTACT US

BCA OFFICERS


President

Mark Hannah
3517 Bentley Ct.
Denton, TX 76210
940-591-8036
markhannahjr@aol.com


Secretary

Scott Brock
46A Ten Rod Road
Rochester, NH 03867
603-332-8020
sbrock@brocksonline.com


Treasurer

Harold W. VandeWeghe
902 Wright Dr.
Palestine, TX 75801
903-729-2880
haroldvdw2@centurylink.net

BCA DIRECTORS


Bruce Levinson

P. O. Box 505
1 Paramount Dr.
Bourbon, MO. 65441
314-409-4280
blevinson@paifashion.com


John (Mac) MacDonald

8154 Stahley Rd
E. Amherst, NY 14051
716-741-4157
auto5hqwny@aol.com


Richard G. Desira (Doc)

P. O. Box 1541
Lutz, FL 33548
248-767-1579
docbrowning13@gmail.com


Renny Perez

1460 NW 107 Ave. Bldg. I
Miami, FL 33172
786-302-4767
Renper25@gmail.com


Charles P. Wagner

711 Scott Street,
Covington, KY 4101
859-431-1712
bca_wagner@yahoo.com


Brian Hager

P. O. Box 111
Jefferson City, MO 65102
573-694-9122
brian@precision-machine-jcmo.com


Kevin Miller

4338 N El Sereno Circle
Mesa, AZ 85207
602-828-1574
kteam@cox.net


Sean Duffy

P. O. Box 13
Lafayette, CA 94549
925-783-1200
shotgunsean@hotmail.com


Josh Sanders

12033 205th St. W
Lakeville, MN
651-233-8538
browningarmscollections
@frontier.com

For General Inquiries:

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MAKE A DONATION

The Browning Collectors Association is a non-profit organization. Originally based out of Utah, the home-state of the Browning Brothers and the present Browning Company. Our association is funded primarily by our membership program, sales from our gift shop, and donations from the great folks of the Browning Company and individuals like you.

If you are interested in making a financial contribution, please make a donation online. Thank you for your support!

Make A Donation

Thank you for considering a gift to the Browning Collectors Association! Donations to the BCA will help with our mailings, production of Newsletters and cost associated with running the association. A donation will also help in our development of an outreach educational programs to honor and keep alive the legacy of John M. Browning to younger generations.

Contact our Secretary:

Scott Brock
46A Ten Rod Road
Rochester, NH 03867
603-332-8020
sbrock@brocksonline.com

Tax Deductible
Browning Collectors Association is covered under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. All charitable donations made to the Browning Collectors Association are tax deductible.

Gift Acceptance Policy
At this time, the Browning Collectors Association accepts only monetary donations, either check or credit card online. Donations of equipment or other items will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. These items may be placed for auction in our annual meeting in Tulsa, OK or can be raffled to raise funds for the BCA. If you have an extra Rifle, Shotgun or any Memorabilia you like to donate please contact our president. This would be a great help to us!!!

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BECOME A MEMBER VOLUNTEER

We are looking for volunteers…

Are you interested in John M. Browning’s history?

Are you interested in John M. Browning’s history? Do you enjoy sharing your knowledge with others? Browning Collectors Association is currently looking for volunteers. Volunteering at our display shows is a rewarding and educational experience.

Annually at the Tulsa, OK Gun Show in April we have a table set up with BCA Membership application, Newsletters, Browning Company catalogs, and some gift shop items for sale.

Basic Expectation of Job Performance

As an Browning Collector Association volunteer you are expected to:

• Be accessible to visitors.
• The ability to communicate information to the public.
• Be knowledgeable
• Refer questions or inquiries to proper sources.

This is an all day function so we are looking for a small group of individuals to help out a few hours only at a time.

If you are interested in volunteering please contact:

Dr. Richard G. Desira (Doc)
248-767-1579
docbrowning13@gmail.com